Colonialism as ‘violence in its natural state’ – Essay

Interesting take on Fanon’s dictum that colonialism is “violence in its natural state.” This dictum also serves to explain why most Latin American and sub-Saharan African nations (as well as South Pacific ones) have such incredibly high homicide rates. The violence of El Salvador, for instance, is a continuation of Spanish/Anglo colonialism and not a phenomenon due to “inferior genetics.” The same holds true for South Africa and, needless to say, Southeast Washington, D.C.

Cure Curious

* This essay was written for the subject  ‘Global Criminology’. Full bibliographical details are at the end of this document.

By Nessa.

1 Introduction



Franz Fanon was a fearless critic of colonialism and a key figure in Algeria’s struggle for independence from French colonial rule. He condemned colonialism in the most bitter terms and advocated violence in its most extreme form to confront this ‘ plague’ (Fanon 1967). Fanon’s book, The Wretched of the Earth, has been acclaimed as his most accomplished work and has been described as the “bible of decolonisation”, because of its radical impact on, and eventual success of the anti-colonial struggle (Fowale 2008). Nearly half a century after his death, Franz Fanon’s thesis on violence still remains an object of heated debate (Fowale 2008).

This paper will discuss colonialism and examine in what sense Franz Fanon describes colonialism as ‘violence in its natural state’. This…

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